(Image Source: LINK)
In the past, the team of BP engineers in charge of cleanup and the US Coast Guard have attempted to solve the various issues of the oil spill. They have used various different methods such as Containment, Skimming, In Situ Burning, Chemical Dispersants, and On shore cleaning, which have been helpful, however not completely effective in resolving the various different environmental issues created by the oil spill (Gates).
Recent advances in the field of biology have provided newer, more efficient methods of cleaning up toxic waste from water. In the case of crude oil, Bioremediation can be used to get rid of crude oil above and below the surface of the water. Bioremediation is the process of adding living naturally occurring microorganisms into the polluted water, which can degrade oil completely. Some of these microorganisms actually feed on oil, which results in the rate of oil degrading to increase as time passes; as the oil is a grade energy source for these microorganisms, they will have increased rates of reproduction, as a result of this steady energy supply (“toxic”). The increased quantity of these microorganisms leads to faster degrading of the crude oil that is polluting our environment. In contrast to chemical dispersants, that are artificial and have an extremely negative effect on the wildlife living in the water, Bioremediation poses little to no negative effect on the environment (Gates)(“toxic”). Although Bioremediation is more expensive than conventional chemical dispersants, they do not require to be removed from the water afterwards (“toxic”). The removal of chemical dispersants costs more than the actual dispersants, resulting in extra costs. As a result of this high price tag, most oil companies do not bother with the removal of these chemicals, which results in the death of some marine animals (Gates).